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The Original History of Prambanan Temple

The Original History of Prambanan Temple
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One of the famous temples in our beloved homeland is Prambanan Temple. The temple which is a temple for Hindus has a different architectural style from Borobudur Temple. But of course, Prambanan Temple Tour is no less beautiful than Borobudur Temple or Angkor Wat Temple.


Prambanan Temple is located in the village of Bokoharjo, Prambanan District, Sleman Jogjakarta Regency. Unlike the original history of Prambanan Temple, the name of this temple has become legendary through the love story that did not reach Bandung Bandawasa and Rara Jongrang.


It is said that according to legend, Rara Jonggrang asked for a thousand temples in one night as a condition for applying for Bandung Bandawasa. With the help of a genie, Bandung Bandawasa was able to complete a thousand temples which was eventually thwarted by Rara Jonggrang.


Knowing the fraud committed by Rara Jonggrang, Bandung Bandawasa was angry and cursed Rara Jonggrang as the last statue of the thousand temples he built in that one night. Then a female statue appeared in one of the statues of Prambanan Temple.


This story is a legend that is close to Prambanan Temple Tour, but the original history of Prambanan Temple is very different. Prambanan Temple was built by Rakai Pikatan who was then the King of Ancient Mataram from Wangsa Sanjaya. The construction itself started in 850, which is close to the construction time of Borobudur.


According to several sources summarized in the original history of Prambanan Temple, the construction of this Prambanan Temple was to match the construction of Borobodur at that time. According to the Shivarga Inscription, this construction was carried out to honor Lord Shiva, who is the highest god of Hindus.


However, the glory of Prambanan Temple vanished when in the end Mpu Sindok, the last king of ancient Mataram from Wangsa Sanjaya moved the center of his kingdom to East Java. As a result, the building pioneered by its predecessor was deserted.


From the original history of Prambanan Temple, a similar incident also finally happened to Borobudur Temple which was also forgotten because it was buried by the ashes of Mount Merapi and covered by bushes until Governor Rafles from the Netherlands found it again. However, unlike Borobudur, Prambanan Temple is not buried.


Judging from the original history of Prambanan Temple, the statue which is said to be the statue of Rara Jonggrang is actually a statue of Goddess Durga Mahisasuramardhani who according to myth is also believed to be the incarnation of Rara Jonggrang. Therefore, one of the Shiva Temples in Prambanan is called the Rara Jonggraing Temple.


Just like Borobudur Temple, from the original history of Prambanan Temple it is also known that Prambanan Temple took a lot of Hindu cosmology, especially the gods symbolized in each temple, including the Rara Jonggrang Temple itself.


There are three main parts of Prambanan Temple, namely Plataran Njobo, Plataran Tengahan and Plataran Njero. The three main temples that symbolize the three main gods in Hinduism are in Plataran Njero which symbolizes the place of life where the gods live or known as Svargaloka.


Now that's a glimpse of the original history of Prambanan Temple, which has two sides in it, namely a fascinating historical side and an interesting mythical side to tell. However, apart from this, Prambanan Temple has indeed become one of the tourist attractions in Jogjakarta that should not be missed when visiting.


Sometimes, in the courtyard of Prambanan Temple there are also frequent Ramayana dance performances whose story is also contained in the description of Prambanan Temple. Indeed, the original history of Prambanan Temple should not be forgotten by our nation.