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Customs and Culture of the Dayak Salako Tribe

Untan- Kampung Sawah is a village that still adheres to the original customs since the days of the ancestors which are still preserved today. This rice field village is located in Sanatab Village, Sajingan Besar District, Sambas Regency.

Customs and Culture of the Dayak Salako Tribe


Munda ', who is the traditional leader in the village of Sawah, revealed several traditions that are still often held in the rice fields, namely the Rukun Karunia Cultural Adat which is usually held to welcome the new rice year. This celebration begins with Nampik Banih which is usually done before planting the seeds. Followed by Na'ah Uma for a party of rice children using cucumber, lemang, Botongk (rice that is input into the leaves of oil after which it is cooked in reed) and 1 chicken. When rice already contains this tradition, a tradition with Nyiang Buntingk which means when the rice is pregnant (contains), the visuals used are the same as Na'ah Uma, namely a party with a bowsprit, lemang, bontongk, and 1 chicken.


Only then did the new year's rice program arrive, which is usually called Matahant / Ngarantika (in the Dayak Salako language). This new year of rice is usually held simultaneously in the village. During the New Year, residents will stay in touch with each other's houses like during Eid or Christmas, various typical village foods are provided to eat such as lemang, cucur, bontonk, side dishes. When it is 3 days after the new year of rice, a Nakatant is held, which functions to go to pick rice, which is then followed by singing / picking rice. Then the rice stalks will be pulled out, in the local language it is called Mabut Nek Uban


The next tradition that has been carried out until now is basansam (sansam rame padi), this basansam is something that must be done in every village, where people in the village cannot leave the village and outsiders cannot enter the village, this sansam is carried out for one day and two nights, and whoever violates will be subject to 3 tails of customary law (jars, bowls, Banyu rice).


After basan is carried out Baronak / move the rice in the barn. Then we carry out Ngabayant / Lunbung party, this Lunbung party is often known by the name of riding a dango, usually the dango ride event is enlivened by various competitions and traditional Dayak art offerings.


In addition to the thanksgiving feast for the harvest that has been described earlier there is also a human party, namely a traditional wedding party, then after the couple has children, the child is tamoe (bribed a little) with rice and salt, after 7 days there will be meah (up). and after that the real Nampungk Bargain Party (plain flour) / midwife's payment for the tampas. When the child is older, the woman is pierced and the male is circumcised.


Another well-known Dayak culture is Pantak. In each area there is a Pantak and has many types, usually Pantak Pantuak is used for protection, Pantak Pabuisant is for bauma / farming. And in the village of Sawah Own Has a Fortress for Protection which was formerly for Bakayo (fighting) and now is used for safety.


The people of Sawah Village also have a tradition when an accident occurs in their area, namely Marashiant Aik Tanah (cleaning water and land) to avoid it from happening again and Marasihant Aik Tanah uses the props of Pig, Bowsprit, Lemang. And at the ritual at the scene of the accident, they are called ten two adat binua.


In Kampung Sawah, there are a lot of customary laws, from small to large ones. Small examples such as Saepet Tapungk tasteless / A Wrap of Baras Banyu are used to forgive the lightest and largest Opinions, which are twelve to twenty-four, fall on Kampangk / Adultery and the demonstration is a Jaring Jaring, One bowl of fruit, a packet of Banyu rice, a plate 4 dozen, Racen jars for Naikan binua, one bowl of fruit, binua marangk Enyengk (kill pigs), Going home with Racen jars, going to the kitchen for an ash fan, Natas roofs (dismantling 3 roofs), and Ngimak Gaagar (Nyungkil lantai), And after that Binua divided the customs.