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Baduy Woven Fabrics That Very Meaningfull And Have Historical Value

Baduy Woven Fabrics That Are Of Meaningfull And Have Historical Value

We know ulos from batak, sasirangan from Banjar, bugis sarong, Palembang and Lombok songket, lurik cloth and a variety of other typical Indonesian fabrics. One of these typical fabrics is from the Baduy tribe.

Have you ever known the Baduy tribe from Banten?

The Baduy / Badui tribe is also known as Urang Kanekes, the Kanekes people are an ethnic group of the indigenous Banten tribe in the Lebak Regency, Banten. The population of Urang Kanekes is estimated at 26,000 people, and they are one of the tribes who have isolated themselves from the outside world. In addition, they also have taboo beliefs to be documented, especially residents of the Inner Baduy region.

The origin of the term "Baduy" was a gift from the outsiders from the title of Dutch researchers who apparently equated them with the Badawi Arab group, which was a nomadic society.

Another possibility is because of the Baduy River and Mount Baduy in the northern part of the region. They themselves prefer to refer to themselves as urang Kanekes or "Kanekes people" according to the name of their area, or a designation that refers to the name of their village such as Urang Cibeo.

This Baduy tribe has a woven cloth called Tenun Baduy. This Baduy woven fabric has meanings that are closely related to their traditions and beliefs. This cloth is not only for clothing.

This cloth, for the Kanekes people, also becomes an identity, especially the customary values ​​that also symbolize their presence. This woven cloth is very close to life, especially the family environment.

At first glance, weaving appears to be a side activity that seems to be just a leisure activity for Baduy women. Namjun, it turns out that after being explored more deeply, the activity of weaving contains a number of more important values.

For the Baduy community, weaving teaches discipline. Every girl who is born in Baduy, from childhood they have been instilled high discipline by learning the customary rules and values ​​of the Baduy Indigenous People. One of them is related to weaving activity.

They believe that the weaving activity is a manifestation of the obedience of Baduy women to the customary rules they uphold.

Baduy woven fabrics have the uniqueness of their slightly coarse material and tend to be dominant in color. Cotton specks from the traditional spinning process have produced the distinctive texture of Baduy weaving.

The tool for spinning from cotton into yarn is a tool that they have invented themselves since hundreds of years ago. Urang Kanekes called the spinning tool gedogan / raraga.

The woven fabric that was originally produced to meet clothing needs was made simple. Their flagship motif is geometric motifs, such as hook-shaped lines, spirals or also known as twists, straight lines, triangles, rectangles, circles, and many more.

Baduy tenun is like an expression of aesthetics and nature around the Kendeng mountains, where the Baduy people live. The style reflects the attitude of life and customs which are still strictly guarded as a legacy from their ancestors. Ornaments that reflect their philosophy of life.

To produce this Baduy woven cloth, the process is quite long. It even took months. The length of this process is due to the size and complexity of making fabric motifs. Usually Baduy cloth motifs are in the form of colorful lines and motifs inspired by nature.

The Baduy tribe uses this woven cloth as the main material for making traditional clothes. This is even more so when it comes to the Inner Baduy Tribe, which still adheres to customary rules. Clothes should be made of cotton and no sewing machines are allowed in their manufacture.

For the Baduy tribe, the woven cloth is dominated by white. This color is interpreted with holy and rules that have not been influenced by outside culture.

As for the Outer Baduy community, the woven cloth will be dominated by black and dark blue as the colors that are often used. For women, cloth is used in making traditional clothes that have a shape resembling a kebaya.

If we see first hand the Baduy weaving activity, we can visit Cibeo Village, one of the villages in Kanekes Village. In this village, tourists can learn and learn about the complexity of the process of making cloth which is done by weaving. Bamboo and wooden planks that collide with each other and insert threads in traditional tools make it difficult for tourists to carry out weaving activities.

One interesting thing is that weaving activities can only be done by women. It is said that if a man gets hit by a weaving tool, let alone try this traditional activity, then the man will change his behavior to become like a woman.

Because it is very unique, if you want to visit Baduy Village, don't forget to buy a typical Baduy woven cloth. The selling price of Baduy weaving is very affordable, which is around IDR 8