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Uniqueness Of Tabuik Festival From Pariaman's People

Uniqueness Of Tabuik Festival From Pariaman's

Tabuik festival is one of the annual traditions in the Pariaman community. This festival has been going on for decades and is thought to have existed since the 19th century. Tabuik event is part of the anniversary of the death of the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, namely Hussein bin Ali who fell on the 10th of Muharram. History records, Hussein and his family died in war in the Karbala desert.

Tabuik itself is taken from the Arabic 'Ark' which means wooden crates. The name refers to the legend about the appearance of a creature in the form of a winged horse and a human head called buraq. the legend tells us that after the death of the Prophet's grandson, a wooden box containing pieces of Hussein's body was flown into the sky by buraq. Based on this legend, every year the people of Pariaman make an imitation of buraq carrying a ark on its back.


Uniqueness Of Tabuik Festival From Pariaman's
Uniqueness Of Tabuik Festival From Pariaman's

according to the story that people received from generation to generation, this ritual is expected to appear in Pariaman around the year 1826-1828 AD. Tabuik at that time was still thick with influences from the Middle East brought by Indian-descended Shiites. in 1910, an agreement between nagari emerged to adjust the celebration of Tabuik with Minangkabau customs, so that it developed into what is today.

Tabuik consists of two types, namely Tabuik Pasa and Tabuik Subarang. both come from two different regions in Kota Pariaman. Tabuik Pasa (market) is an area on the south side of the river that divides the city to the edge of Gandoriah Beach. The Pasa region is considered the area of ​​origin of the Tabuik tradition. As for Tabuik Subarang, it comes from the subarang area (opposite), which is the area on the north side of the river or the area referred to as the Kampung Jawa.

Initially, there was only one tabuik, namely tabuik pasa. around 1915, at the request of a group of people, another tabuik was made. Based on the agreement of the nagari elders, this tabuik must be made in an area across from the Pariaman River.

Therefore, this second tabuik is named tabuik subarang. one of the history of the elders of the community noted that the incident was estimated to occur in 1916, but there is also a history that mentions in 1930. The making of the tabuik subarang still follows the procedures previously applied in the Pasa region.

starting in 1982, tabuik celebrations were made part of the Padang Pariaman Regency tourism calendar. Because of that, various adjustments took place, one of them in terms of the timing of the peak event of this series of tabuik rituals. so, even though the initial ritual process of Tabuik continued on the 1st of Muharram, during the celebration of the Islamic New Year, the implementation of the peak event from year to year changed, no longer had to be on the 10th of Muharram.

the tabuik tradition in Pariaman consists of seven stages of tabuik ritual, namely taking land, cutting down banana stems, springs, marching fingers, parading the turban, tabuik riding pangkek, hoyak tabuik, and throwing tabuik into the sea.

The procession of taking land was held at 1 Muharram. cutting down a banana stem is carried out on the 5th day of Muharram. Mataam on the 7th day, followed by mangarak fingers at night. The next day the mangarak saroban ritual was held.

on the peak day, a tabuik ritual is carried out on a pangkek, then followed by taboo hoyak. This peak day first falls on the 10th of Muharram, but currently each year changes between 10-15 Muharram, usually adjusted for weekends. as a closing ritual, before Maghrib Tabuik is marched to the beach and floated into the sea.

Every year the peak of the tabuik event is always witnessed by tens of thousands of visitors who come from various corners of West Sumatra. not only local people, this festival also gets the attention of many foreign tourists who make it a big event that is eagerly awaited every year.

Gandoriah beach which became the center of attention as if being a sea of ​​humans, especially before the procession tabuik paraded to the beach. Therefore, if there is an opportunity, there is nothing wrong if this tabuik festival becomes your alternative tourism agenda in the coming year.